Torture Museum

More from the visit to the Torture Museum in Siena, Italy (Museo della Tortura, Siena):

The incorrible card or dice players, as well as smokers of tobacco without special authorization, were led through the streets decked out in collars from which were hung the symbols of his or her crimes: these instruments were, in fact, used more to humiliate than to torture, even if after two days their weight crushed the neck in a very disagreeable way.
The association of cards, dice and the pipe is interesting. In various Germanic principalities and in certain municipalities of the Hapsburg, the tobacco smoker had to have a particular authorization—this lasted through the better part of the 18th century. These authorizations, which were generally rendered to the bearer and without names, could be used to bet and would legally become the property of the winner.


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